What is the operating system, how does it work

What is the operating system, how does it work.


Today during this article we'll tell you - what's the operating system? Thus, how does it work? OS and its types in Hindi (OS)

 Computer, laptop or any quite mobile is travel by mixing two sorts of parts. It consists of first part hardware and second part software. Both these sorts of parts are as important for computers because the brain and heart for physical body .

Operating system
Operating system

 The hardware part is tough and appears, the software part isn't visible or in easy language, it's contained within the hard ware itself. However, both these parts also are divided into many pieces. Out of those pieces, a neighborhood of software is that the OS . it's connected to the software of the pc and works for an equivalent .

 allow us to know that -

 1. what's an operating system? (What is working system?)

 2. How does the Operating system OS work? (How OS works?)

3. What are the kinds of operating systems? (Types of operating system)

 4. What are the benefits of operating system? (Benefits of operating system)

  5..What are the disadvantages of operating systems? (Disadvantages of operating system)

 what's an operating system? what's operating system?


 The OS may be a a part of "> a part of the software part of the pc . In easy language it are often said that the whole software is predicated on this technique . The presence of the OS is so important for software that a lot of people consider the OS as software.

 How does the OS work? How Operating system OS works?


 Any command we concede a computer laptop or mobile first approaches the OS then gives the pc hardware the command to perform that task. Understand a command to understand how the OS works.

 Suppose i would like to print a page.

 With the assistance of my keyboard, i will be able to first select a file from the pc that i would like to print.

 then this command will reach Operating system  OS .

 The OS will approve this command.

 After approval, the printer are going to be ordered to print and then it'll print that paper.



 during this example it are often understood how the OS works and what's the importance of the OS to the pc .

Operating system definition.


 "The OS may be a piece of software a part of a computer that establishes a connection between software, and hardware, and provides them commands to work"

 sorts or types of operating systems.


 Operating systems are divided into several parts supported their ability to function and therefore the ability to command. Following are the kinds of operating systems: -

 Batch Operating system OS 

 sharing Operating system OS

 Distributed Operating system OS

 Network Operating system OS

 Real time Operating system OS

 1. Batch Operating system OS.


 this sort of OS doesn't directly contact the computer's CPU, to try to to this it's different batches. even as if there's a separate batch for the printer if there's employment from the printer, a separate batch for the scanner if there's employment from the scanner. It does this by dividing the work into pieces, these pieces are often called batch hence its name is batch OS .

 Advantage of batch Operating system OS.


 The time it takes to finish any task during a batch OS are often anything.

 Many users can run the batch system on their own.

 The batch system is far faster in terms of your time .

 it's quite easy to manage large tasks during a batch system.

 Disadvantage of batchOperating system OS.


 Extreme efficiency is required to figure with batch systems.

 Debugging a batch system is far harder .

 Sometimes it proves to be too expensive.

 Batch is completed from the instruction within the system ie there's no option of multi tasking.

 Example of batch operating system: - Payroll system, statement .

 2. sharing Operating system OS.


 sharing system may be a sort of multi task system. this provides every task an opportunity to continue on its own. In easy language it are often understood by example of mobile . for instance , in mobile phones, you'll do everything from playing songs to playing games simultaneously. The sharing system works like this. The time during which any task is completed is named quantum.


 Advantages of your time sharing Operating system OS.


 Each task is given equal time.

 Chances of duplication of software are almost eliminated.

 The work load of the CPU is greatly reduced.

 Disadvantage of your time Sharing Operating system OS.


 In this, the matter of reliabilities is quite the limit. 

Security has got to be taken special care of. there's a risk of both data loss and theft.

 there's tons of communication problem in data.


 3. Distributed Operating system OS.


 Such operating systems also are called remote systems in easy language. It performs an equivalent function because the network but it acts through wires. In such a system many computers are connected together that employment together. of these computers are often accessed simultaneously.

 Advantages of Distributed Operating system OS.


 Failure of any connected part won't make any difference to the other system. of these systems are independent and connected only to the most system.

 electronic message between these systems increases the speed of knowledge exchange.

 there's not much load on the most system.

 Work are often completed fairly quickly.

 Networks are often connected to unlimited systems.

 Disadvantage of Distributed Operating system OS.


 After the most network fails, it'll pack up in the least .

 The efficiency of using this technique has not been developed yet.

 Such systems are far more expensive and can't be used easily.

 samples of distributed operating systems: - Locus.

 4. Network Operating system OS.


 Such operating systems function almost exactly like distributed operating systems. But there's a difference between them that there wont to be a main system but here every system can function in its own way. of these systems are connected to every other through the network and also share devices with one another like printers, scanners.

 Benifits Of network Operating system OS.



 The servers during this system work much faster.

 this sort of system maintains security.

 Despite having fewer hardware devices, it are often functioned during a haphazard manner.

 Up to a variety , the server are often operated without wires.


 Disadvantage of network operating systems.


 Its servers are far more expensive.

 The user has got to depend upon other systems for several tasks.

 Their maintenance costs tons of cash .

 samples of network operating systems: - Microsoft Window Server 2003, Microsoft Window Server 2008, Unix, Linux, Mac, OS X, Novel Netware BSD.


 5. Real time Operating system OS.


 the important time OS may be a quite fast OS . It takes little or no time to process any work. In real-time operating systems, interval is named reaction time .

 Real time systems are utilized in places where there's tons of your time constraints. for instance , missile systems, traffic control systems and robots are often seen.

 sorts of Real time Operating system OS.


 Hard real time system: 


- Such system is employed when the time shortage is just too much and therefore the work has got to be completed as quickly as possible.

 Soft real time system: 


- Such system is employed when there's shortage of your time but not such a lot .

 Advantages of real time Operating system OS.


 Any device are often used the maximum amount as you would like .

 In such a system, the time taken to shift the task is far less. It only takes 10 micro seconds.

 This attaches great importance to currently running applications.

 Such systems are very small in size in order that they are often used on small servers also .

 Such servers are error free.

 during this sort of OS , memory allocation is extremely strong, that is, memory is quite other systems.

 Disadvantage of real time Operating system OS.



 only a few tasks work together at an equivalent time.

 Such systems are far more expensive.

 Algorithms of such systems are far more difficult. this type of algorithm requires far more skill to know .

 It requires special device drivers.

 Task switching is far harder in such systems.

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